Brown, Richard D. "The Emergence of Voluntary Associations in Massachusetts, 1760-1830." The Journal of Voluntary Action Research 2 (1973): 64-73.
|Voluntary Societies in Massachusetts|
associations for charity, missions, freemasons, fire protection, professional associations, pressure groups, moral reform, literary, advancement of knowledge, etc.
First associations were men only
1790s first Female Fragment Societies
1820s first mixed societies
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